Some industries are under strict state and federal regulations that mandate background checks for employees in certain positions. Whether you are a small business or large enterprise, if you’re in a field such as finance or healthcare, your company is required by law to investigate candidates for some of the jobs you are looking to fill.
On the other hand, there are some industries that are not governed to do so, but common sense dictates that you simply should conduct background checks on employees that have access to sensitive information or populations. Or, if jobs may put others at risk (through transportation or law enforcement, for example), it would be remiss of you not to conduct a background check.
Read on to learn more about the six industries that absolutely must run background checks on job applicants:
Any employee who works in education is responsible for protecting children and students in some way or another. Any business owner who works in education must have a thorough employee background check process in place, particularly for those individuals that come into contact with children daily.
What’s more, the experience and education of those in charge of teaching students themselves should be closely evaluated. Certifications are easy to forge, and without a proper background check to confirm their experience, the integrity of your organization could be at risk.
As many employees in this field are armed with every key necessary to get into any guest room, it would be appropriate for the business owner who runs a hotel or inn to conduct a background check on certain types of employees. These may include maids, administrators, and even managers who are also exposed to sensitive financial information.
It should go without saying that anyone working in a financial setting, whether or not they are directly handling money, is required to go through an employee background check. Banks, credit unions, and other companies known as “insured depository institutions” are subject to strict compliance requirements at the federal level. These organizations must perform a 10-year criminal background check to uncover any convicted criminal offenses involving dishonesty, money laundering, and any other breach of trust. There is also a list of individuals who have been permanently prohibited from banking, so all applicants must be compared against that as well. Some organizations can even use fingerprinting to search additional criminal history through the FBI.
4. Public Transportation
Jobs such as truck driver positions fall under regulations of the federal Department of Transportation. Drivers of commercial vehicles must be screened in accordance with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. These regulations legally require employers pull motor vehicle records regularly, as well as previous employment verifications during the application process. The DOT also has drug testing requirements, which apply to pre-employment, post-accident, reasonable suspicion, and random situations.
Some nonprofits, daycare centers, babysitting services, independent agencies and other small businesses that offer caregiving services to sensitive populations should screen employees and volunteers who work directly with these clients. Children, the elderly, and those with mental and physical disabilities are under your employees’ care, so it’s important to feel safe and secure with the individuals you hire to work with them. It’s recommended that those in this type of role be screened through sex offender registries, criminal history searches, drug screenings, and likely motor vehicle records, if they transport clients as well.
Healthcare organizations are already subject to a number of federal and state regulations, but it’s essential to have background screening requirements for employees who work directly with patients or patient information. This isn’t just for nurses and doctors, either. Home health aids, nursing home employees, and administrative staff like medical billing and coding professionals are required to pass an employee background check. Such checks can include a number of screenings, including criminal reports, which will detail any cases of abuse, plus drug screenings, employment eligibility verifications, sex offender registries, and education and certification records.
Please note: background checks on prospective employees must comply with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. More info here.
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