What Does a Background Check Include? An Industry-by-Industry Guide

Posted by on March 28, 2012 in Employee Background Checks [ 0 Comments ]

The most regulated industries in our country – healthcare, education, and financial services, among others – are also the largest. For example, healthcare provides 14.3 million jobs in our country; education, 13.5 million. In order to ensure standard compliance and safety throughout these industries and across millions of people, and to minimize any risks that may put workers or entire businesses in jeopardy, it’s necessary that business owners and hiring managers conduct thorough employment background checks.

If you’re looking to fill a position in any of the following industries, be attentive to the recommended reports and verifications that will help you consistently hire quality employees. Some industries are more complicated than others, and you may consider contracting a private employee background check company to ensure a thorough screening.

Healthcare

The healthcare industry is one of the most highly regulated in our country. If you’re looking to fill a position in healthcare, the following screenings are needed to ensure that your patients are safe, your records are secure, and that all health and medical information remains confidential:

  • Social security number trace, which provides alias names associated with the number as well as confirms the applicant’s identity
  • County and federal criminal record search
  • National criminal record database search
  • Sex offender registry
  • Education and employment verification
  • Professional license verification
  • Review of OIG/GSA sanctions, which list individuals that are, in one way or another, not allowed to participate in federally-funded healthcare programs, and have been convicted of program-related fraud, patient abuse, licensing board sanctions, or having a suspended license.
  • Substance abuse screening

Education

Many organizations create job responsibilities or structure compensation based on an applicant’s academic qualifications. Additionally, it’s wise to do an employment background screening for any individual that may be working directly with students, particularly children, even if the role is not that of a teacher.

An education verification check would confirm:

  • School(s) attended
  • Diplomas
  • Degrees or certificates awarded
  • Dates of attendance

Properly screening faculty, staff, coaches and others is critical. This helps to ensure that the learning environment is safe. A background screening for the education industry should include:

  • Social security number trace
  • County and federal criminal record search
  • National criminal records database search
  • Employment verification
  • Sex offender registry
  • Homeland security check, which cross references your applicant’s name against over 130 worldwide known terrorist and fugitive databases (like the FBI’s Top Ten Most Wanted) that include individuals who may be a threat to global or national security
  • Substance abuse screening

Insurance

Under the Insurance Fraud Prevention Act, it’s a federal crime to embezzle or misappropriate funds from an insurance company and to knowingly file false financial information with regulators. It also prohibits such individuals from working in the insurance field after being convicted of a felony that involved dishonesty. As such, it’s critical you conduct the following screenings if your business is in the insurance industry:

  • Social security number trace
  • County and federal criminal record search
  • National criminal record database search
  • Pre-employment credit report
  • Employment & education verifications
  • Professional license verifications
  • OFAC, which administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy
  • Motor vehicle records
  • Substance abuse screenings

Finance

The finance industry has a number of employment screening regulations to comply with, including the US Patriot Act, Sarbanes Oxley, FDIC, and other government regulations. If you work in the finance industry, you’re required to pay careful attention to the necessary screenings that will help you make a smart and safe hire:

  • Social security number trace
  • County and federal criminal record search
  • National criminal record database search
  • Pre-employment credit report
  • Employment and education verifications
  • Professional license verifications
  • OFAC
  • Homeland security check
  • Financial sanctions searches
  • Substance abuse screenings

Transportation

If you work in an airport or for an airline, you’re on the front lines when it comes to national security and must always adhere to the FAA’s Compliance Manual. If you transport goods across country or shuttle commuters each day, it’s imperative that the employees you hire understand the various regulations put forth by the Department of Transportation.

There are a number of recommended screenings for this industry. They include:

  • Social security number trace
  • County and federal criminal record search
  • National criminal record database search
  • Motor vehicle report
  • DOT substance abuse screening
  • Employment and education verifications
  • National Drivers’ Registry searches (NDR), which uncover information about drivers who have had their licenses suspended, or who were convicted of serious traffic violations like driving under the influence (DUI).
  • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certifications
  • Pilots Records Improvement Act (PRIA) requests, which report on an applicant’s training, experience, qualifications, and safety background
  • Department of Transportation (DOT) questionnaires
  • Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) FAA Requests
  • Military record verifications
  • OFAC / homeland security checks

Learn more about employee background checks at ResourceNation.com.

Photo source: columbushealth.com, jobsinkansascityarea.com


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